When employees’ perceptions of fairness about issues such as compensation, rewards, promotions and allowances change, so do their perceptions of their health, a new European study finds.
“People who feel fairly treated are not only more likely to be motivated at work and go beyond their organization, but are also more likely to be healthy, have an active lifestyle and feel positive,” said Constanze Eib Authors of the study and professor of organizational behavior at the University of East Anglia in England, in a statement.
For the study, the researchers used data collected between 2008 and 2014 for the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Health Survey, which focuses on the associations between work organization, work environment and health. In the survey, participants rated their overall health status and were asked about their perception of fairness by saying how much they agreed with statements related to their organization’s decision-making processes, as if their employer heard the concerns Of all affected If your employer offers opportunities to appeal or challenge decisions, and if all parties affected by the decisions are represented.
The findings revealed that employees who felt they were being treated more fairly reported being in better health. The study’s authors said this finding suggests that employers who make changes to treat their employees more fairly can improve the health of their workers.
On the other hand, changes in employee health were linked to changes in the way they perceived equity, indicating that the health status of employees may also affect how employees feel treated at work, they said. the investigators. In other words, the two factors are linked, and one does not necessarily cause the other – it works both ways.
Eib said the findings should help raise awareness among employers that equity and health are important factors employers should consider in trying to increase employee satisfaction, well-being and productivity in the workplace.
“It is important to know these issues, as there may be things that can be done to improve perceptions of impartiality at work – for example, to make sure that people feel their opinions are considered, they are consulted about changes and that decisions Are taken in an unbiased manner, “said Eib.
Constanze Leineweber and Claudia Bernhard-Oettel of the University of Stockholm in Sweden, and Paraskevi Peristera of the University of Economics and Business of Athens in Greece, co-authored the study, recently published in the Scandinavian Journal of Labor, Environment and Health.